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Prostate cancer: Diagnosis with Multiparametric .

Prostate cancer: Diagnosis with MRI

Cancer diagnosis: Multiparametric MRI enables more precise imaging of the prostate

Ultrasound and biopsy are considered reliable methods of diagnosing prostate cancer in men. Newer diagnostic techniques using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) obtain even more precise images of the area under examination. The standard diagnostic procedure is ultrasound-guided biopsy. MR Imaging techniques are then used when further examination is required. The purpose of the MRI is to determine the size of the tumour and its exact location, whether the lymph nodes are also affected, and whether the cancer has metastasized to the bones or other organs.

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Prostate cancer therapy.

Returning to everyday life following prostate cancer treatment

Information on follow-up care and coping strategies following prostate cancer treatment

Whether patients opt for conventional methods such as radiotherapy or a radical prostatectomy (RP), or for newer methods such as TULSA (which carries a lower risk of side effects), patients will undergo regular check-ups following their treatment to ensure that any relapses are detected at an early stage. Follow-up care begins no later than twelve weeks after the treatment. According to the German Cancer Society, 93 percent of all prostate cancer patients are still alive after five years [1]. If new tumours develop following treatment, they may be a local recurrence at the surgical site or they may be a metastases in other parts of the body.

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Family support is important for prostate cancer patients.

Prostate cancer — the role a patients family member plays

Caregivers have a significant impact on the well-being of prostate cancer patients

Receiving a prostate cancer diagnosis is a life-changing event for a patient. As the study “Prostate Cancer – Living not just surviving” [1] highlights, it is often difficult for men to talk to their partners about their diagnosis and to also share their concerns about the side effects of the therapy. Only 41 percent of the German patients surveyed in the study said they were willing to talk to their partners about potential problems with impotence after treatment. By contrast, 56 percent of partners want to be open to talk about this issue. Although prostate cancer patients find it difficult to discuss their problems with their partners or doctor, communicating about the disease with their partner helps to stabilize the relationship and supports the patient through an emotional time.

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After treatment.

After treatment: Side effects for patients with prostate cancer

A patients quality of life can suffer following conventional therapy. How does the TULSA method help?

Today, cancer of the prostate is considered highly treatable. The effects of prostate cancer treatment can however by considerable for some patients — particularly for those who have undergone invasive procedures such as radiotherapy or the radical removal of the prostate. Therefore, new medical treatment methods focus primarily on reducing the undesirable side effects of prostate cancer therapy and aim to help minimize impotence and incontinence, which commonly occur in invasive procedures. One such method is TULSA, a new treatment that uses ultrasound to treat the prostate.

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Prostate cancer day.

European Prostate Cancer Awareness Day on September 15

Institutions and authorities call for early detection — a look at new treatment methods

The European Association of Urology (EAU) holds European Prostate Cancer Awareness Day in September every year to raise public awareness prostate cancer ,early detection methods and new treatments. According to figures from the EAU, two million men are currently living with prostate cancer in Europe, and 92,200 patients die every year from the disease. The annual healthcare costs in Europe are estimated at nine billion euro. [1] In Germany, the Centre for Cancer Registry Data recorded 57,370 new cases of the disease in 2014. According to the Robert Koch Institute, prostate cancer is still the most common, and the second highest mortality rate cancer for men in Germany.[2]

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Prostate cancer.

Radical removal of the prostate and associated side effects

What are the advantages and disadvantages of surgical removal of the prostate in cases of prostate cancer?

Surgical removal of the prostate (prostatectomy) with the tumour tissue is considered an effective treatment for prostate cancer. Prostate removal promises the greatest success if the tumour has not yet spread and the biopsy has revealed that the tumour has not progressed too much. With a radical prostatectomy, i.e. the complete removal of the prostate gland, the goal is to cure the cancer. This operation involves the removal of the entire prostate, together with the urethra that runs through it, the seminal vesicles and the vas deferens, part of the bladder neck and possibly adjacent lymph nodes.

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PSA test.

Prostate — what is the PSA level?

The PSA level is an indicator of prostate cancer, although it is not a conclusive symptom.

PSA is an abbreviation of “Prostate-Specific Antigen”, a protein that is formed in the prostate and released into the semen. The PSA level is important in the early detection of malignant diseases of the prostate. If the level is elevated, it may be an indicator of prostate cancer. However, an elevated PSA level is not a definitive test for prostate cancer; at most it is a warning sign. Further investigations—such as a biopsy, i.e. the removal and examination of a tissue sample—are necessary to make a firm diagnosis.

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Cancer prostate.

Cancer of the prostate — modern therapies in focus

Prostate cancer is considered highly treatable but the therapy does have side effects. Are there any alternatives?

Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men. In Germany, around 170 in every 100,000 men are diagnosed with carcinoma of the prostate each year. Risk factors include age, certain lifestyles and diets, as well as a family history of the disease. Testosterone or frequent sexual intercourse do not affect the risk of prostate cancer, as was previously thought. [1] But what actually is prostate cancer? Prostate cancer occurs when the cells in the prostate gland divide uncontrollably or change abnormally.

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Prostata Krebs: Auswirkungen auf Lebensqualität?

The emotional aspect of prostate cancer

Many patients with prostate cancer are afraid that it will affect their quality of life

The emotional consequences associated with prostate cancer can have a significant impact on the life of those affected — sometimes temporarily, but often permanently. These consequences affect not only the patients themselves but also the people around them. A large European study called “Prostate Cancer: Living, not Just Surviving” addressed the emotional and social consequences of prostate disorders. The authors of the study saw a need to act in relation to the emotional and psychological care of patients with prostate cancer.

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